Soft and Hard Clustering Methods for Delineation of Hydrological Homogeneous Regions in the Southern Strip of the Caspian Sea Watershed

نویسندگانChavoshi, S - Sulaiman, W.N.A - Saghafian, B - Sulaiman, M.N.B - Latifah, A.M
نشریهFlood Risk Management
ارائه به نام دانشگاهTechnical and Engineering Department, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University
شماره صفحات282-294
شماره مجلد5
ضریب تاثیر (IF)2.483
نوع مقالهFull Paper
تاریخ انتشار2012
رتبه نشریهISI
نوع نشریهچاپی
کشور محل چاپایالات متحدهٔ امریکا

چکیده مقاله

Regionalisation is a fundamental task for transferring hydrological information from gauged to un‐gauged catchments. This study employs several soft and hard clustering approaches for regionalisation of the 61 catchments located in the southern strip of the Caspian Sea Watershed. Factor analysis using Principal Component Analysis resulted to four out of 16 catchment's attributes relating to flooding which were then used for regionalisation. Hierarchical and Non‐Hierarchical Clustering, K‐Means, Fuzzy C‐Means and Kohonen methods were studied and compared by L‐Moment tests. While in hard clustering approach, distinct clusters of catchments were formed, soft clustering techniques allocated catchments to more than one cluster according to their membership probability. The performance of different clustering methods resulted to the similar number of homogeneous groups. However, the number of sites allocated to the clusters is different. Hard clustering resulted in three clusters at 38, 10 and 13 sites, while Soft clustering allocated 26, 20 and 15 sites to the clusters, respectively. Results indicate a superiority of the soft clustering in the study area where deriving hydrologic groups by hard clustering is problematic.

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