Evaluating the impacts of watershed management on runoff storage and peak flow in Gav-Darreh watershed, Kurdistan, Iran

نویسندگانAmini, A - Taherei Ghazvinei, P - Javan, M - Saghafian, B
نشریهArabian Journal of Geosciences
ارائه به نام دانشگاهDepartment of Civil Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
شماره صفحات3271-3279
شماره مجلد7
ضریب تاثیر (IF)0.860
نوع مقالهFull Paper
تاریخ انتشار2014
رتبه نشریهISI
نوع نشریهچاپی
کشور محل چاپامارات متحدهٔ عربی

چکیده مقاله

Recently, water and soil resource competition and environmental degradation due to inadequate management practices have been increased and pose difficult problems for resource managers. Numerous watershed practices currently being implemented for runoff storage and flood control purposes have improved hydrologic conditions in watersheds and enhanced the establishment of riparian vegetation. The assessment of proposed management options increases management efficiency. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of watershed managements on runoff storage and peak flow, and determine the land use and cover dynamics that it has induced in Gav-Darreh watershed, Kurdistan, Iran. The watershed area is 6.27 km2 which has been subjected to non-structural and structural measures. The implemented management practices and its impact on land use and cover were assessed by integrating field observation and geographic information systems (GIS). The data were used to derive the volume of retained water and determine reduction in peak flow. The hydrology of the watershed was modeled using the Hydrologic Engineering Center–Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC–HMS) model, and watershed changes were quantified through field work. Actual storms were used to calibrate and validate HEC–HMS rainfall–runoff model. The calibrated HEC–HMS model was used to simulate pre- and post-management conditions in the watershed. The results derived from field observation and HEC–HMS model showed that the practices had significant impacts on the runoff storage and peak flow reduction.

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