|نویسندگان||Zakeri Niri, M - Saghafian, B - Golian, S|
|نشریه||J. of Hydrologic Engineering, ASCE|
|ارائه به نام دانشگاه||Technical and Engineering Department, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University|
|نوع مقاله||Full Paper|
|رتبه نشریه||علمی - پژوهشی|
|کشور محل چاپ||ایالات متحدهٔ امریکا|
Derivation of spatial distribution of travel time is required in some conceptual rainfall-runoff transformation models. Application of a kinematic wave (KW) solution to delineate isochrones of travel time may be straightforward, particularly in an overland flow regime. In this article, a new analytical approach based on the diffusive wave (DW) solution is developed for calculation of travel time. The discharge hydrograph over a rectangular plane will be calculated based on the developed analytical DW method through the application of the time-area method. Differences between calculated maximum travel time (i.e., equilibrium time), isochrone locations, and outflow discharge between the KW and DW solutions are compared with those of the numerical dynamic wave (DYW) solution. It is shown that analytical DW results are closer to those of the DYW in comparison with those of the KW. The effect of the K0F20 number on the solution accuracy is investigated, where K0 is the kinematic wave number and F0 is the Froude number. It is perceived that as K0F20 decreases, the differences between KW and analytical DW solutions grow. For instance, at equilibrium time, the new DW solution improved the results by 5 to 12% over the KW solution. In addition, the DW isochrones lie upstream of the corresponding KW isochrones. Finally, the 1.5<K0F20<20 interval is proposed for using an analytical DW solution in lieu of the KW and DYW solution.