System dynamics approach for simulating water resources of an urban water system with emphasis on sustainability of groundwater

AuthorsGhasemi, A.R - Saghafian, B - Golian, S
JournalEnvironmental Earth Sciences
Presented byTechnical and Engineering Department, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University
Page number76:637
Paper TypeFull Paper
Published At2017
Journal GradeScientific - research
Journal TypeTypographic
Journal CountryIran, Islamic Republic Of


Water resources management is an important driver in social and economic development. Water shortage is one of the most critical issues threatening human welfare, public health, and ecosystems. This issue has turned into a major challenge in many river basins all around the world due to the imbalance in water supply and demand. Use of simulation models can be effective tools in providing water managers with scientifically supported decisions in dealing with complex and uncertain water resource systems. System dynamics approach serves as a management tool and may play an important role in understanding the cause–effect in water resources systems. In the present study, system dynamics approach was applied to simulate management strategies dealing with Tehran metropolitan water resources systems. In the developed model, the trend of water storage in the next 30-year period and the effectiveness of water supply strategies were simulated. The results showed that, despite the growing shortage of the water resources, optimal use of existing resources under appropriate strategies could reduce water deficit within the next 30 years.

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