Empirical evaluation of river basin sustainability affected by inter basin water transfer using composite indicators

AuthorsKefayati, M - Saghafian, B - Ahmadi, A - Babazadeh, H
JournalWater and Environment Journal
Presented byTechnical and Engineering Department, Science and Research Branch Islamic Azad University
Page number104-111
Volume number32
Paper TypeFull Paper
Published At2018
Journal GradeScientific - research
Journal TypeTypographic
Journal CountryIran, Islamic Republic Of


In this study, a practical approach to evaluate the sustainability of river basins subjected to an inter‐basin water transfer project is developed. Selection of appropriate evaluation indicators is pivotal to such approach. To make use of huge amount of data, composite indicators of sustainability (CIS) should be utilised. The proposed approach relies on 15 sustainability indicators (SI) that cover three major criteria namely (economic, social and environmental), and aggregates them into eight different types of sustainability indices for a more robust outcome. Two scenarios were considered within the source and recipient basins. Furthermore, multivariate principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to determine principal and non‐principal indicators for the two river basins. The ability of CIS and PCA methods were verified via correlation and simple regression methods respectively. The results demonstrated that inter‐basin water transfer may improve sustainability, provided that a proper water resource management is enforced.

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